竹島問題の歴史

9.10.07

British Publication "Sailing Directions" (1904)

The following are excerpts from the 1904 edition of Sailing Directions, which was published by Hydrographic Office of the British Admiralty. It replaced the publication China Sea Directory.

Table of Contents

Chapter I. General Remarks (1-37): Korea: Population. -Trade. -Treaty ports. -Climate (1-4). Russian Maritime Province: Population. -Trade. -Buoyage. -Railways. -Climate (4-11). Japan: General remarks. -Rivers. -Earthquakes. -Productions. Treaty ports. -Dockyards. -Communications. -Storm signals. -Buoyage. -Pilots. -Climate (11-19). Winds, typhoons, &c., general remarks on (19-27). Currents. -Tides. -Passages (27-37).

Chapter II. West and South Coasts of Korea, with off-lying islands (38-87).

Chapter III. Quelpart island, and South and South-East Coasts of Korea (88-126).

Chapter IV. Sea of Japan, west shore. -East Coast of Korea and Russian Maritime province to lat. 45.5°N. (127-205).

Chapter V. Gulf and Strait of Tartary, Amur gulf, Sakhalin island, sea of Okhotsk and Kamchatka coast to lat. 55°N., including the Komandorski islands (206-268).

Chapter VI. Islands southward of Japan; Ogasawara(Bonin) and Okinawa(Liu Kiu) groups, &c. (269-299).

Chapter VII. Japan, comprising the South Coasts of Kiusiu, Shikoku, and Honshu or Nipon, to Suruga gulf (300-352).

Chapter VIII. Japan: Honshu or Nipon, south coast. -Suruga gulf. -Tokio gulf, and islands lying south of; and east coast of Honshu or Nipon (353-407).

Chapter IX. Japan: The Naikai (Seto Uchi) or Inland sea and its approaches. Eastern portion, Kii channel to Harima nada (408-454).

Chapter X. Japan: The Naikai (Seto Uchi) or Inland sea, continued. Western portion, Bingo nada to Simonoseki strait (455-516).

Chapter XI. Japan: West coast of Kiusiu and the off-lying islands. -From Osumi (Van Diemen strait) to Yeno sima, lat. 33°N. (516-563).

Chapter XII. Japan: Goto Islands and the west coasts of Kiusiu, from Yeno sima (lat. 33°N.) to Simonoseki strait (564-614).

Chapter XIII. Japan: Honshu or Nipon, north-west coast, from Simonoseki strait to Tsugaru strait (615-682).

Chapter XIV. Japan: Tsugaru Strait. -Hokoshu or Yezo island. -The Kuril islands (683-768).

Appendix:

Harbour regulations in Japan (769-771).

Meteorological Tables (772-784).

Index (785-863):

List of Sailing Directions published by the Hydrographic Department of the Admiralty (865-870).

List of Chart Agents at Home and Aboard (871-872).


In Chapter 4

>JAPAN Sea, bounded on the east and south by the Japan islands, and on the west and north-west by the coasts of Korea and the Russian Maritime Province, is about 900 miles long, NNE and SSW, and 600 miles East and West, at its broadest part. Surrounded by land on all sides, this sea is only accessible by the following narrow passages:- To the south by the Korea strait, which connects it with the China sea; to the east by La Perouse and Tsugar straits, by which it communicates with the Pacific; and to the north by the gulf of Tartary, through which it communicates with the sea of Okhotsk by the gulf of Amur; this sea is, as far as is known, clear of rocks or dangers. The following high rocks and islets are situated in it: -Liancourt Rocks and Matsu Sima(Dagelet island).

LIANCOURT ROCKS are named after the French ship Liancourt, which discovered them in 1849; they were also called Menalai and Olivutsa rocks by the Russian frigate Pallas in 1854, and Hornet islands by H. M. S. Hornet in 1855. Captain Forsyth, of the latter vessel, gives their position as lat. 37°14′N. long. 131°55′E., and describes them as being two barren rocky islets, covered with guano, which makes them appear white; they are about a mile in extent N. W. by W. and S. E. by E., a quarter of a mile apart, and apparently joined together by a reef. The western islet, elevated about 410 feet above the sea, has a sugar-loaf form; the easternmost is much lower and flat-topped. The water appeared deep close-to, but these rocks are dangerous at night from their position, being near the track of vessels steering up the sea of Japan for Hakodate. Position. -From observations of the U.S. flagship New York, made in 1902, the rocks are situated in 37°9′ 30″N., long. 131°55′E., or about 4 miles southward of the former position.

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