竹島問題の歴史

13.10.07

18th/19th? Century Map of Ulleungdo & Usando

The following Korean map showed Usando (于山島) just northeast of Ulleungdo (鬱陵島), suggesting again that Usando was just an old name for Ulleungdo's neighboring island of Jukdo. The map also gives 100 ri for the area (地 方百里) of Ulleungdo, which matches that written in many other Korean documents. It also says that the distance to Ulleungdo was "two days travel time by sea" (水路二日程) from the mainland, which also matches what was written on several other Korean maps and in Korean documents. Since there was no travel time mentioned for Usando, we can safely assume that it was just a nearby, neighboring island of Ulleungdo, not Dokdo (Liancourt Rocks), as many Koreans claim. The date of the map is unknown, but, according to the Takeshima Research Center, HERE, it is similar to other Korean maps made in the 18th and 19th centuries.

5 comments:

  1. The explanation of this map in the report by Takeshima Research Center .

    ⑧朝鮮八道図 紙本著彩 102.1×59.9 
    The map which describes each provinces. There is no mention of the year this map was made just like no.⑦ map, but it is on the same line of the many "Choson 8 Provinces(朝鮮八道図)"maps which were produced intensively during 18C and 19C. In the map of 江原道, Ulleundo was described near mainland of Choson and Usando was described as an annexed island of Ulleundo, but on the North side just like no.⑦ map. There are sentences like, 「竹田」「朱玉窟」 and it also states as 「地方百里、水路二日程」. There is an island "越松" on the South, too.

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  2. Thank you, Kaneganese. I will add your information on the map to the post.

    By the way, even though the map drew 越松 as an island, it was actually a military post near the town or village of Pyeonghae (平海). I have noticed that some Korean maps drew ports to look like island, maybe in an attempt to make them stand out.

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  3. Gerry, Kaneganese,

    Ahn Yong-bok told to the officials in Tsushima in 1693, "この度参候島より北東に大きなる嶋これあり候。(Northeast to 参候島 (= Ulleungdo), there is a huge island)".

    He believed that it was Usando. I think there had been a legend about the huge island at northeast of Ulleungdo, may be because of this kind of maps. But it was a kind of utopia, island of non-existence.

    This may have been the origin of the unlawful occupation of Liancourt rocks by Korea, but it was an error. They can't snatch some other country's island because of it.

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  4. There is the strange map called 大東総図 in the 海東地図.
    This has small 6 island including most prominent island of Usando.
    This usando locates west of Ullungdo with the disciption of Japanese ship base and resident.
    Just let u know.
    http://147.46.103.182/
    OIS/GZD/OIS_PRINT.jsp?filename=/newdata04/GZD/
    KYHA/B0008/GM33469IL0008_001/
    GM33469IL0008_001.mtx

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  5. Gtomr,

    I know that map, and it is interesting because those five islands to the north of Ulleungdo switched to the south in later maps when Usando was moved to the east coast of Ulleungdo, almost as if the map were turned upside down to correct the misplacement of Usando.

    The map was included in the "Haedongjido" (海東地圖) atlas, which was made sometime in the 1750s, which means the "Daedongchongdo" (大東摠圖) map you referred to was made sometime before then.

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