(First page)The above illustrates why the name of Liancourt Rocks didn't appear on the Paece Treaty - it meant that Liancourt Rocks belongs to Japan. And Kenneth Young and Allan Lightner reconfirmed the fact that the Depatment of State recognised Liancourt Rocks as Japanese territory. Pro-Korean scholars used to insist that the treaty didn't include the name of Liancourt Rocks because USA didn't decide the sovereignty of the rocks, but this letter proverd that their insistency was untrue.
Official - Informal
Confidential Security Information
I have read both Tokyo's despatch No.659 of of October 3, 1952, entitled, "Koreans on Liancourt Rocks" as well as Pusan's Memorandum of October 15, 1952, entitled,
"Use of Disputed Territory (Tokto Island) as Live Bombing Area" enclosed in your
letter of October 16, 1952 to Ambassador Murphy.
It appears that the Department has taken the position that these rocks belong to
Japanand has so informed the Korean Ambassador in . During the course of drafting the Japanese Peace Treaty the Republic of Korea's views were solicited, in consequence of which, the Korean Ambassador requested the Secretary of State in a letetr of July 19, 1951 to amend Article 2(a) of the draft treaty so as to include the islands of Dokdo (Liancourt Rocks) and Parangdo as well as Quelpart, Port Hamilton and Dagelet among those islands over which Japan would renounce right, title and claim by virtue of recognizing Korea's independence. In his reply to the Korean Ambassador the Secretary stated in a letter dated August 10, 1951 that the United states could not concur in the proposed amendment as it applied to the Liancourt Rocks since according to his information the Liancourt Rocks had never been treated as a part of Korea, they had been under the jurisdiction of the Oki Islands Branch Office of Japan's Shimane Prefecture since 1905 and it did not appear that they had ever before been claimed by Korea. As a result Article 2(a) of the Treaty of Peace with Washington makes no mention of the Liancourt Rocks: Japan
Japan, recognizing the independence of Korea, renounces all right, title, and claim to , including the islands of Quelpart, Port Hamilton and Dagelet." Korea
E. Allan Lightner, Esquire
Charge D'affaires, a.i.
American Embassy, Pusan, Korea.
FE: NA: RMHerdon-eb
November 5, 1952
cc Amembassy, Tokyo
Confidential Security Information
The action of the United States-Japan Joint Committee in designating these rocks as a facility of the Japanese Government is therefore justified. The Korean claim, based on
SCAPIN677f January 29, 1946, which suspended Japanese administration of various island areas, including Takeshima (Liancourt Rocks), did not preclude
from exercising sovereignty over this area permanently. A later SCAPIN, No.1778 of September 16, 1947 designated the islets as a bombing range for the Far East Air Force and further provided that use of the range would be made only after notification through Japanese civil authorities to the inhabitants of the Japan Oki Islandsand certain ports on Western Honsu.
Kenneth T. Young, Jr.,
Office of Northeast Asian Affairs
It seems that they are talking about using Liancourt Rocks as bombing range and that since the rocks belonged to Japan they only need to inform the infomation of bombing to Japanese authorities, not Korean authorities.