竹島問題の歴史

5.8.08

1918 - "Latest Joseon Geography" (最新朝鮮地理 - 최신 조선지리)

Below is a page from a 1918 Japanese text of Joseon geography entitled "Latest Joseon Geography" (最新朝鮮地理 - 최신 조선지리). I know this was made after Japan annexed Korea, but I am posting it because it described Korea's "easternmost border as being Ulleungdo's eastern edge" (極東ノ鬱陵島 東端) and gave its "eastern longitude" (東經) as 130° 54', which puts it on top of Ulleungdo.

If anyone can give me more details of the book, I will add it to the post.

By the way, I would like to point out that this is an example of an island being used as a border.

Infomation on the text can be found HERE.


10 comments:

  1. Thank you, Gerry

    I've never seen this document before. I'm going to add this to my list of Eastern limit series.

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  2. Gerry,

    Thanks for the interesting document.

    BTW, it says the 極東 (eastern limit) was east end of Ulleungdo - it didn't say that the island itself was a border.
    In these days, western idea of border was already introduced to the modern Japan (Japan in the Meiji era), so the border is the same as today's border, I think.

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  3. Pacifist,

    It said "Ulleungdo's eastern edge" (鬱陵島 東端) was the "eastesn boundary" (東境). The eastern edge of the island means the island was the boundary. Anyway, that is what it says.

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  4. Gerry,

    In my opionion, it says that the east edge of Ulleungdo is the far eastest place of its territory, which means the borderline runs at the very close place of the east edge of Ulleungdo but not on the island.

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  5. Gerry,

    The oroginal text says, "極東ハ欝陵島東端" - the far eastest point is the east end of Ulleungdo.

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  6. Gerry, to follow is my translation of the second item (location).

    位置 location

    亜細亜ノ東南ニ突出セル半島ニシテ地形南北ニ長ク、東西ニ短シ、極東ハ欝陵島東端東経百三十度五十四分、極西ハ・・・

    It's a peninsula protruded at southeast of asia, and its shape is long from south to north and short from east to west. Its far eastest (point or place) is the east end of Ulleungdo at 130 degree 54' E and its far westest (point or place) is......

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  7. 1908.(隆熙2)大韓帝國全圖 玄公廉
    Threre are Ullunegdo on the map, as easternmost island of Korean imperial.

    1909.大韓帝國全圖 韓沖
    But not good peoper images and contents.

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  8. Not to forget all the maps showing Oki the northern border of Japan.

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  9. 1888.Choson : The Land of the Morning Calm
    P.Lowell
    Ticknor and Co.
    Ulluengdo only.

    1909.The Face of Manchuria, Korea and Russian
    I cannot confirm nearby Ulluengdo because too small images.

    1910.Report on Currency Adjustment in Korea
    韓國貨幣整理部 編
    Ullnegdo only

    1911.The Story of Korea
    Joseph H. Longford
    T. Fisher Unwin
    Ulluengdo only

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  10. helpfish,

    Show us the maps before you say so. Actually, many Japanese maps show Takeshima (Ulleungdo) as Japanese territory.

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