竹島問題の歴史

16.8.08

1950 July: Commentary on Draft Treaty by the Department of State

History of San Francisco Peace Treaty: Part 6-B (Additional)

To follow is the commentary on the draft treaty by the Department of State.
This is a firm proof that USA (the Department of State) admitted Liacnourt Rocks belong to Japan, not to Korea.
Details of the 6th draft will be available if you click the below:

Article 3


1. The territory of Japan shall comprise the four principal Japanese islands of Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and Hokkaido and all adjacent minor islands, including the islands in the Inland Sea (Seto Naikai) , Tsushima, Takeshima (Liancourt Rocks), Oki Retto, Sado, Okujiri, Rebun Riishiri and all other islands in the Japan Sea (Nippon Kai) within a line connecting the farther shores of Tsushima, Takeshima and Rebun; the Goto archipelago, the Ryukyu Islands north of 29°N. Latitude, and all other islands of the East China Sea east of Longitude 127°east of Greenwich and north of 29°N. Latitude; the Izu Islands southward to and including Sofu Gan (Lot’s Wife) and all other islands of the Philippine Sea nearer to the four principal islands than the islands named; and the Habomai group and Shikotan lying to the east and south of a line extending from a point in 43°35’ N. Latitude, 145° 30’ E. Longitude, and to the south of a line drawn due east on the parallel in 44°N. Latitude. All of the islands identified above, with a three-mile belt of territorial waters, shall belong to Japan.


“All of the islands mentioned above are shown on the map attached to the present Treaty.”


Paragraph 1.


Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and HokkaidoJapan was assured in the Potsdam
Declaration that it would be permitted to retain sovereignty of the four home
islands.


The Islands of the Inland Sea, Oki Retto, Sado, Okujiri, Rebun and Rishiri – These islands and lesser islands in the Japan Sea east of Tsushima, Takeshima and Rebun are almost exclusively populated by Japanese, have long been recognized as Japanese, were not “ taken by violence and greed”, and are closer to Japan than to any other nation. None has been claimed by another power and Japan’s right to retain them is not likely to be questioned in the treaty negotiation. In 1948 the population of Oki Retto was 44,000, of Sado 125,000, of Okujiri 7,000, of Rebun 9,000, and of Riishiri 20,000.

It laid emphasis on "not taken by violence and greed" and "none has been claimed by another power", these words are of course indicating that the author wrote the text keeping Liancourt Rocks in mind.


And the commentary illustrates Liancourt Rocks as follows:


Takeshima (Liancourt Rocks)
The two uninhabited islets of Takeshima, almost equidistant from
Japan and Korea in Japan Sea, were formally claimed by Japan in 1905, apparently without protest by Korea, and placed under the jurisdiction of the Oki Islands Branch Office of Shimane Prefecture. They are breeding ground for sea lions, and records show that for a long time Japanese fishermen migrated there during certain seasons. Unlike Dagelet Island a short not appear ever to have been claimed by Korea. The islands have been used by U.S. forces during the occupation as a bombing range and have possible value as a weather or radar station site.

It also mentioned that Liancourt Rcoks have never ever claimed by Korea.


(Many thanks to けぺ)

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