竹島問題の歴史

3.7.08

c1865 French map of Korea (Coree)

This is a map made by French missions to Korea, whcih was published in Paris in circa 1865. (Coree, par les Missionnaires de Coree de la Societe des Missions Etrangeres.)
There is a name of R.Hausermann, an engraver, at the left bottom of the map.
[This map is from the Osaka University Library.]

Please compare with the 1855 map, which depicted Ulleungdo (Oulangto) and Usan (Oosan) in traditional Korean way.

This map may be the basis of the 1880 map as the shape of the peninsula and islands are similar.


Sorry, I tried to make it possible for readers to click to enlarge the map but it didn't work well.
Please visit here to see the map in large size:

7 comments:

  1. Thank you, pacifist

    I think maps by French missionay are very important resources in order to understand situation.

    Great job.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks Kaneganese,

    You are right. I'm interested in those French missions and missionaries too. I've heard many of them died young.

    http://www.geocities.jp/rainichi20051/Other_Countries/chosen.txt
    (Written in Japanese)

    Many French missionaries died in Korea, especially around 1850-1860's. It was mainly due to the 1866 massacre of French missionaries.

    "In 1866, reacting to greater numbers of Korean converts to Caholicism as well as the humiliations suffered by China at the hands of Westerners during the Opium Wars, the Korean court clamped down on the illicit French missionaries, massacring French Catholic missionaries and Koreans converts alike".(from Wiki)

    BTW, as to Andre Kim, Korean priest who made the map, Wiki mentions as the following:

    "In September 1846, the French Admiral Jean-Baptiste Cécille sailed to Korea in order to obtain the release of an imprisoned Korean priest named André Kim, but Kim was soon executed."

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French-South_Korean_relations

    As to the French Campaign agaist Korea, Wiki mentions:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Campaign_against_Korea,_1866

    "As a result of the Korean dragnet all but three of the dozen French missionaries were captured and executed. An untold number of Korean Catholics also met their end (estimations run around 10,000),[4] many being executed a place called Jeoldu-san in Seoul on the banks of the Han River".

    ReplyDelete
  3. A very interesting Koean map is introduced at this blog
    http://blog.goo.ne.jp/takeshima-2005/
    http://blogimg.goo.ne.jp/user_image/39/7b/188fb590ce3846947d212280ba92a895.jpg

    This Korean map describes as "鬱陵于山両島 天気清明蔚三両地登高皆見(We can see both Usando and Ulleungdo from 蔚珍 and 三陟 at the fine day)".

    ReplyDelete
  4. opp,

    Thanks, the Korean map which describes that both of Ulleungdo and Usan were visible from Korean peninsula is interesting.
    (May I introduce this topic as a new post?)

    Unfortunately, I couldn't see the second map somehow.

    ReplyDelete
  5. There are the Carte de Coree on 1870 which excluded Liancourt Rocks.
    La Carte de Coree
    Dokdo museum?

    Compare the Carte You posted here and there Carte de Coree (1874)

    ReplyDelete
  6. Thanks GTOMR,

    This is an important map too.

    But why do they store such a map which denies Korea's claim in Dokdo Museum?

    ReplyDelete
  7. Pacifist

    Sorry, It was my misunderstaindings.
    The website is KORDI,Korean Maritime Institute (国土海洋部韓国海洋研究院国立水産科学院国立海洋調査院)"East Sea Study devision Website.

    I thought they have "dokdo"adress so I misunderstood it was the Dokdo Propaganda Museum.

    But.Ironically most of their map shows "Sea of Japan".
    It is all denied Korean claim that the name of Sea of Japan is Japan's expansionism or colonism oriented name.

    ReplyDelete