"60 Years of the Republic: The Syngman Rhee Line"
The following is a paragraph from the article that contains at least three lies, one of which was pointed out by one of our commenters, who writes under the id of "Opp."
The Dokdo Islets, which had been part of Korean territory since the sixth century, were illegally occupied by Japan during the colonial period but returned to Korea under the Directive SCAPIN-677 issued by the General Headquarters Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers on Jan. 29, 1946, which specifically excluded Dokdo from Japanese territory. However, Japan continued to trespass into waters near Dokdo, marking it as Japanese.
The first lie in the paragraph is the claim that the "Dokdo Islets,...has been part of Korean territory since the sixth century," which is a lie because Korea has no maps or documents to back up that claim. The second lie is that Japan illegally occupied "Dokdo" during the colonial period, but, in fact, Japan legally incorporated Liancourt Rocks (Dokdo) in 1905 without any opposition from any country, including Korea, and 1905 was before Korea became a colony of Japan.
Finally, the third lie, as pointed out by commenter Opp, is the statement that the "Dokdo Islets... was returned to Korea under the Directive SCAPIN-677, which was issued by the General Headquarters Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers." That is easily proven to be a lie by the following US document, dated November 5, 1952:
To view the original letter, click HERE.
Official - Informal
Confidential Security Information
I have read both Tokyo's despatch No.659 of 3, 1952,of October 15, 1952, entitled, "Use of Disputed Territory (Tokto Island) as Live Bombing Area" enclosed in your letter of October 16, 1952 to Ambassador Murphy.
It appears that the Department has taken the position that these rocks belong to Japan and has so informed the Korean Ambassador in Washington. During the course of drafting the Japanese Peace Treaty the Republic of Korea's views were solicited, in consequense of which, the Korean Ambassador requested the Secretary of State in a
letter of July 19, 1951 to amend Article2 (a) of the draft treaty so as to include the islands of Dokdo (Liancourt Rocks) and Parangdo as well as Quelpart, Port Hamilton and Dagelet among those islands over which Japan would renounce right, title and claim by virtue of recognizing Korea's independence. In his reply to the Korean Ambassador the Secretary stated in a letter dated August 10, 1951 that the United states could not concur in the proposed amendment as it applied to the Liancourt Rocks since according to his information the Liancourt Rocks had never been treated as a part of Korea, they had been under the jurisdiction of the Oki Islands Branch Office of Japan's Shimane Prefecture since 1905 and it did not appear that they had over before been claimed by Korea. As a result Article2 (a) of the Treaty of Peace with Japan makes no mention of the Liancourt Rocks;"Japan, recognizing the independence of Korea, renounces all right, title, and claim to Korea, including the islands of Quelpart, Port Hamilton and Dagelet."
E. Allan Lightner, Esquire
Charge D'affaires, a.i.,
,Pusan, Korea. page2
Official - Informal
Confidential Security Information
The action of the United States-Japan Joint Committee in designating these rocks as a facility of the Japanese Government is therefore justified. The Korean claim, based on SCAPIN677 of January 29, 1946, which suspended Japanese administration of various island areas, including Takeshima (Liancourt Rocks), did not preclude Japan from exercising sovereignty over this area permanently. A later SCAPIN, No.1778 of September 16, 1947 designated the islets as a bombing range for the Far East Air Force and further provided that use of the range would be made only after notification through Japanese civil authorities to the inhabitants of the Oki Islands and certain ports on Western Honbu.
Kenneth T. Young, Jr.,
Office of Northeast Asian Affairs,
In 1954, after returning from a mission to the Far East, US Special Mission Ambassador James Van Fleet wrote the following about Liancourt Rocks in a secret report:
The Island of Dokto (otherwise called Liancourt and Take Shima) is in the Sea of Japan approximately midway between Korea and Honshu (131.80E, 36.20N). This Island is, in fact, only a group of barren, uninhabited rocks. When the Treaty of Peace with Japan was being drafted, the Republic of Korea asserted its claims to Dokto but the United States concluded that they remained under Japanese sovereignty and the Island was not included among the Islands that Japan released from its ownership under the Peace Treaty. The Republic of Korea has been confidentially informed of the United States position regarding the islands but our position has not been made public. Though the United States considers that the islands are Japanese territory, we have declined to interfere in the dispute. Our position has been that the dispute might properly be referred to the International Court of Justice and this suggestion has been informally conveyed to the Republic of Korea.Ambassador Van Fleet also wrote the following about Korea's so-called "Peace Line":
The position of the Republic of Korea Government has been to insist on the recognition of the agreed "Peace Line." The United States Government has consistently taken the position that the unilateral proclamation of sovereignty over the seas is illegal, without wanting to upset any of the two respective nations and that the fisheries dispute between Japan and Korea should be settled on the basis of a fisheries conservation agreement that would protect the interests of both countries. The chronology and other aspects of the fisheries is discussed in more detail in Enclosure No. 1.
People should be aware that the Korean media regularly reports false claims about Liancourt Rocks (Dokdo).