1897 German map "CHINA, KOREA UND JAPAN"
This is a German map "CHINA, KOREA UND JAPAN", which was printed in Leipzig in June 1897. Interestingly, Tibet is out of China and Taiwan (Formosa) is in Japan but this is another story. Please take a look at the islands in the "Japanisches Meer" (Sea of Japan) - there are "Matsushima" and "Hornet In.". Although these islands were uncoloured, you may notice the lines between Korea and Japan. The thick and long line from Nagasaki to Wladiwostok (Vladivostok) meant a telegraph cable. The thinner line (fine dots) beside the telegraph cable indicated a national border - you can see that both Matsushima (Ulleungdo) and Hornet In. (Liancourt Rocks) are in the Japanese territory. This is another evidence to show that western countries believed these islands were Japanese territory in the late 19th century, just before the Korean Edict #41 in 1900. Although they errornously believed Matsushima (Ulleungdo) to be Japanese territory maybe because of its name, the map looks quite accurate - Liancourt Rocks were recognised as Japanese territory by the western countries. So this is another evidence that Seokdo in the Korean Edict #41 was not Liancourt Rocks.