竹島問題の歴史

25.9.07

1905 - "Trade Documents" by MOFA (外務省通商局編纂 通商彙纂)

「通商彙纂」 is the compiled book of the report of commerce, economy, and import/export sent by the Japanese consuls stationed to each countries. The 1905 edition of "Compiled Trade Documents" by MOFA tells us below. (link to 1902 edition)
1. The number of Japanese residents on the Ulleundo is fewer than that of 1902.
2. The variety of the occupation increased, including even officials and doctors.
3. The number of the people who stayed over is 260, which means more Japanese residents settle permanently on the island.
4. Almost 1/3 Japanese seemed to be seasonal residents since the number of the people increased from April to June.
5. The variety of the items of import.export increased.
6. It also mentioned about Takeshima(Liancourt Rocks) as "Lanko-toh" in the second part.
Though it is hard to tell "Uleundo residents" in this sentence include Korean or not, since there are absolutely no mention of Korean activity in this section, it is safe to say that those "Ulleundo residents" who hunted sea lions on "Lanko-toh" were not Korean but Japanese.
Link to the original document
Link to the Japanese version

Other 
The situation of Ulleundo 
Population, Business of Japanese, Iems of import /export 
(The report by consul at Pusan, 31st July, 1905)  
Section 1 - Population 
There were 85 households and 260(175.male and 85-female) people in the December of last year report. The number increased to 110 households and 366 population this June. The stats below show how the number increased from April to June.  
                      April   May   June  
Households      89      98       110  
Male               155    206       219  
Female              96    135       147  
Total                251    341      366  
Section 2 - Business of Japanese  
Next, the stats for the variety of occupations from April to June below show what kind of business Japanese are engaged or what kind of businesses are increasing. Note: not a small number of people engage in two or more businesses for one person.  
Business Name              April        May      June  
Officials                             3             3            3  
Doctor                                1             2            2
Importer                             8             8            8  
Exporter                             5             5            7 
Broker                              21            21         21  
Seller of China                   2              2           2  
Household goods Seller     0               1          1  
Oil dealer                            1              1           1  
Lumber dealer                    2               2           2  
Carpenter                            7             12          12  
Joiner                                  3               3            3  
Sawyer                              43             50          52  
Cooper                                0               0            1  
Blacksmith                          5               5            5  
Day labourer                       2               2            2  
Restaurant                           1               1            1  
Tofu maker                         2                2            2  
Farmer                                2                3            3  
Diver (潜水業)                   0                0            2  
Fishermen                          15             27           31  
Diver (海士)                        0             32           32  
Sailor                                   0              31          31  
Employee                            2                2             2  
Servant                                2                 1            1  
Dressmaker                         2                 2            2  
Laundry                               1                 1            1  
Handiworker                        1                 1            1  
Charcoal burner                   1                 1            1  
Postal Worker                      1                 1            1  
Sum  
Section 3 - Import / Export Products of the Island
Next is the number to show the situation of imports/exports in comparison between this year and around the same period last year.  
Exports in April - June 1905 / Exports in  April - June 1904  
Items                      Unit          Quantity         Price       Quantity Change  
Soybeans              Koku (石)         214            1,605            470  /  256  
Zelkova timber     Sai (才)        62,118            3,727       38,382   / 23,726  
Dried abalone       Kin (斤)          4,770           4,770             *  /  4,770  
Sea lion skins       Kan (貫)          1,275           1,275              800  /  475  
Sea lion oil              To (斗)            414               538                20 / 394  
Sea lion lees             To(斗)            800               160                  *  / 800  
Sum                                                                 12,075  
Addition to that, there were exports of 1,500 Kan (貫) of firewood, 26 Kan and 800 Me(目=匁) of mushrooms、52 Kan of laver, 1 barrel of ●, 347 Hyou (俵) of salt, 16,387 Sai of Japanese hemlock lumber, 200 Kan of Korean coins, 800 Kan of Phellodendron, 850 Kan of dried squid and 800 Kan of Sealion meat.  
The Sealion called "トド(Todo)" lives on the island called "Lanko," which is located about 25 ri southeast of Ulleundo. From around last year, the residents of Ulleundo (鬱陵島民) started to hunt them. The hunting season is 6 months from April to September. It is said that about ten hunters or seamen on one fishing ship catche 5 sea lions on average in one day. Thus, there are about 30 people with 3 sets of fishing boats who engage in this business. The market price of the sea lion is 3 Yen (円) per one sealion on average.  
As for the haul of abalone, Yoshimura of Kumamoto (熊本) Prefecture engaged in diving with 2 diving equippment, and the catch was 300 Kin (斤) of fresh abalone per one diving gear on average. Another man, Hamaguti of Mie(三重) Prefecture. lead 32 divers (海士) and 10 sailors on 2 fishing boats and engaged in gathering abalones. The amount of abalone was more or less 530 Kin per one day on average. Fresh abalone are reduced in weight when they are dried, so the reduction of Kin was almost 9/10. It is said that 300-530 kin of fresh water dried into 30-53 Kin.  
The export to this island is from Pusan in most cases. Now, below is the import statistics of the goods this year (items, numbers and price) to show the comparison with the data of April to June last year.  
Imports from April to June 1905 / Imports form April to June 1904  
Item                        Quantity           Price            Quantity Change  
Polished rice               122               1,652                 470 / 256  
Glutinous rice                  1                   25                     0 / 0  
Sake                               17                    52                   10 / 7  
Shochu                           20                    83                    0 / 20  
Oil                                  18                     63                  20 / 2  
Sugar                             220                    25                140 / 80  
White Cotton                 575                  805                120 / 455  
Twill weave cotton          42                  252                    36 / 6  
Cotton thread                     5                    12                    *  /  5  
Cotton                                6                     12                    *  / 6  
Fabric(textiles)                 15                    30                     * / 15  
Iron                                   58                    19                   225 / 169  
Cigars                             280                    21                 1,010 / 780  
Matches                               1                     6                        1 / 0  
China                      unknown                   10                 500 / unknown  
Salt                                    70                   15                   450 / 380  
Soy source                           6                     9                        9 / 3  
Vermicelli                         10                    25                       *  / 10  
Sum 3,116  
Addition to this, during the period from June to December in 1904, there were 750 vacant bottles, 750 cigarette, 150 ropes, 100 bundle of tobaccos 350 Kin of Japanese cedar barks, 345 Kanmon(貫文) of Korean coins, 40 Tatamis, 5 Koku 6 To of Chinese rice, 13 Koku 2 To of Sake lees and 4 Shou of Acetic acid for the import.

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