竹島問題の歴史

11.2.09

1894 French map of Korea and Japan

France had a lot of information about Korea in the 19th century because there were many French missionaries sent to this hermit country, although many of them were massacred later. Anyway, they had more information about Korea than other western countries had. So we have kept a big interest in French maps of Korea, although they are very scarce.
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Here is a French map of Korea and Japan at last - "Chine Orientale, Coree, Japon" from E. Schraider's "Atlas de geographie moderne" which was published in 1894 in Paris, France by Librairie Hachette et Cie.

Please look at the islands in the "Mer du Japon" - Ulleungdo was labelled as "Is. Dagelet (Matsou Sima) (Jap)" whilst Liancourt Rocks were labelled as "Is. Liancourt ou Hornet (Jap)".
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Now you may notice that there is a word (Jap) just below of each island name. France recognised that Ulleungdo and Liancourt Rocks belonged to Japan, as many other western countries did. At least, French people didn't think that Liancourt Rocks belonged to Korea - this is very important because French people knew more about Korea than other western countries. This is another evidence to show that the world didn't recognise that Liancourt Rocks belonged to Korea.
(Broughton bay was labelled as "G.de Broughton")
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[Click the left map to enlarge]
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Additionally, I would like to show you another "French map" here. This is from a French magazine "Le Tour de Monde", which was published in the 1860's in France. In this map of China and Korea, Korea didn't have either Ulleungdo or Liancourt Rocks.
(Broughton bay was labelled as "Golfe de Coree") [Click the map to enlarge]

16 comments:

  1. I hope all of you will like this map!

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  2. pacifistさん、新たな地図の発掘御苦労さまです。

     これらの地図は、当時、リアンクール・ロックスは朝鮮の島であるという情報が何も存在していなかったことを示していることになりますね。

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  3. If you can use French, please serch these record below?

    1857.
    Description des îles et des passages compris entre la partie nord de l'île Luçon et les îles du Japon.

    1860.Renseignements hydrographiques sur les îles Bashée, les îles Formose et Lou-Tchou, la Corée, la Mer du Japon, les îles du Japon (Ports d'Hakodaki, Ne-e-Gate, ... Yedo) et la Mer d'Okhotsk (French Edition) (Paperback)


    1861? Renseignements Hydrographiques sur la Mer du Japon, &c、2nd edition

    1864.Chart #1467 Mer du Japon. France Navy

    1867.Pilote de la mer de Chine, Ve Partie, La Mer du Japon. Paris

    I guess those have some explanationa bout Matsushima and Tako-shima. but I couldn't find digital archives.

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  4. chaamiey,

    Thanks for your comment. Yes, I agree. The maps made by western countries including USA, UK, Germany and France, didn't indicate that Dokdo (Liancourt Rocks) belonged to Korea in the 1890's and early 1900's. Many of them rather indicated that it belonged to Japan.

    It is very important to know that NO single map indicated that Dokdo belonged to Korea.

    GTOMR,

    Thanks for the information. Unfortunately I'm not good at reading French documents but I will try to catch some ...

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  5. Thanks for a great map, pacifist

    Even French considered Liancourt Rocks/Hornet island to be Japanese. And it was the common concept shared among Frecnch, Japanese, British, American and German, except for Korean who didn't even know what/where the island was. But ignorance cannot be the execuses for Korean to claim that was their island.

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  6. Thanks Kaneganese. But I think Korean people in those days were not ignorant - they may have known that Liancourt Rocks were out of their territory. They knew the truth so they didn't refute various maps, documents, geographical books etc.

    They seem to have turned to be ignorant after Rhee Syngman stole the rocks and began educating that the rocks were Korean origin.

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  7. I found there are a detailed Dagelet Chart by Russian navy, but I have only another credit card they requested so I cannot buy the map.

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  8. GTOMR様、

    Was it only a map of Dagelet?
    Didn't it include information about Liancourt?

    BTW, 方法を教えていただければ、私でよければ購入しますが・・・

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  9. pacifist

    I think Korean government finally came to realize the connection of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     "Liancourt Rocks = Yanko-to = Takeshima(old Matsushima)" in 1906, when Shimane delegate visited Ulleungdo and Shim reported it to central government who surveyed the situation though didn't made inquiry to Resident-General. I called it ignorance. But it is true that until 1905, Korean did knew about Liancourt Rocks from Japanese fisheremen, western maps and War report of Japan Naval Battle, but there are no slightest hint that Korean even considered Liancourt Rocks were Korean territory.

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  10. To Pacifist,
    If you have interesting in the detailed map, please e-mail me ,d

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  11. Kaneganese,

    Could you please send me an e-mail and let me know the e-mail address of GTOMR?

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  12. pacifist

    I sent you an e-mail. Please check it.

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  13. Kaneganese様,

    早速のお手配ありがとうございます。
    GTOMR様、お時間のある時にメールでお返事をいただければ幸いです。

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  14. To Pacifist;
    I sent you a reply mail.


    By the way, someone please advice if you know where is the original design of Argonaut island like those map;
    (Narrow-wide east-west shape with five leaf? with "argonaut lost her rudder")
    Arrow Smith map 1811
    Tomson's map 1815
    James wyld's 1859

    Discovery of Argonaut island by James Colnet, he draw those design above and some description about Argonaut island on his book "Journal of Captain James Colnett Aboard the "Argonaut" from April 26, 1789 to Nov.3, 1791"?
    Or he just recorded logtitude/latitude only?

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  15. sorry for double post,

    And advice if someone know James Wylde's 1868 map which draws Seal Island OR Seal Pt on original map? which is correct Island or Point?(Usually other map describes Seal point)

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  16. Everyone need to have a passport to go to DokDo island in Korea. This days a lot of Japaneses registers that they live there(the trues is no one live there except Koran polices). I sure no one have visited in Dokdo island except Korean. If this Docdo island is belong to Japan why Korean polices there? Why Japaneses can not visit without passport?

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