竹島問題の歴史

26.2.09

1894 - Carte De La Coree from "Le Petit Journal"

The following map appeared in the September 3, 1894 edition of the weekly French journal "Le Petit Journal. The map was entitled as "Carte De La Coree" and was found in a bound collection of fifty-four editions of the magazine. The map has been in the Korean news lately because some extreme Dokdo advocates are claiming HERE that it shows "Dokdo and the East Sea (Sea of Japan)" as Korean territory.



The following is a quote from another Korean article HERE:

이 가운데 김영준 KBS 자료감정위원이 기증한 조선 지도는 1894년 프랑스 잡지 <르 뻬띠(Le Petit)>에 실렸던 것으로, 울릉도와 독도가 '우산도'라는 명칭으로 조선의 영해 내에 표기돼 있다.
Among them, Kim Yeong-jun, a member of the Materials Appraisal Committe at KBS, donated a Joseon map that was printed in an 1894 edition of the French magazine "Le Petit" and showed Ulleungdo and Dokdo labeled as "Usando" and within Joseon territory.
As you might suspect, the above are more silly Dokdo claims. Here is the close-up of the map showing Ulleungdo and its neighboring island of Jukdo labeled as "I: Ouen-San," which was the French way of writing "Usan Island." Notice that the two islands were drawn right next to each other, which means they could not have been Ulleungdo and Dokdo since Dokdo is ninety-two kilometers away from Ulleungdo. The two island on the map were almost certainly Ulleungdo and its neighboring island of Jukdo, which is only two kilometers off Ulleungdo's east shore.



Besides the claims that Ulleungdo's neighboring island of Jukdo was Dokdo and that the map showed the Sea of Japan as Korean territory, another thing I found funny about one of the Korean articles linked to above was the following close-up of the map. Notice that the man puts his finger over the two islands in what appears to be an attempt to hide the fact that the islands were drawn right next to each other instead of ninety-two kilometers apart, which is the distance from Ulleungdo to Liancourt Rocks (Dokdo). Liancourt Rocks do not appear on the map.(LINK) to Korean article).



The map does seem to show a boundary for Japan, but it does not show a boundary for Korea. Therefore, it is ridiculous to look at the map and say that the French recognized the Sea of Japan as Korean territory, especially when the sea was labeled as "Sea of Japan."

By the way, I read that someone paid 10 million won for the map on a Korean auction site in 2007.

6 comments:

  1. I did check the location.
    Ou-san seems Dagelet-Ulengdo.

    I think the defacto standard about territory was within 3 seamiles from their land at that time, there are no concept of EEZ nowadays.

    ReplyDelete
  2. If the broken line meant national border, Japanese border went into Yellow Sea... This is ridiculous.

    Does anybody read the French words in the map?
    "Limmits (?) des eaux (taux?)japanaise"???

    I have seen this map before some where but I didn't care too much because it didn't include Liancourt Rocks.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Another broken line beside Korean peninsula reads "Courant a influence japonaise" (Running has Japanese influence). So these lines may mean sea lanes or routes of ships.

    ReplyDelete
  4. If the sentence is "Limmits des eaux japonaises", it may mean "limmits of Japanese waters"... Is this right?

    ReplyDelete
  5. It is clearly showing that the French recognized Usan as Ulleungdo and it is not Liancourt Rocks which locates at 131°52′0″E. There's no "Dokdo" on this map.

    The information on map is consistant with other French made maps of Coree.
    1855 French map of Korea (Coree)

    It's going to be a great collection of French map of Korea.

    ReplyDelete
  6. The article has been removed! The part were Gerry wrote "another thing I found funny about one of the Korean articles linked to above was the following close-up of the map. Notice that the man puts his finger over the two islands in what appears to be an attempt to hide the fact that the islands were drawn right next to each other instead of ninety-two kilometers apart, which is the distance from Ulleungdo to Liancourt Rocks (Dokdo)." the corresponding picture/article has been removed. Do you have a copy of the picture to put up on the post?

    ReplyDelete